In all mythologies, the Spirit is symbolized by birds. In every culture there is a mythical bird representing the spiritual dimension of the Universe.

In the Near-East there is rich literature and folklore about these birds. Depending on the literary period different mythological interpretations were assigned to mythical birds. Most of them have correspondences to the Phoenix of the western mythology.

Simurg is the most important mythical bird in Persia, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Central Asia. In Kurdish culture Simurg is known as Simir. Turkish people refer to it as the Anka bird.

In Ferdowsi’s (Firdevsi) epic Shahnameh (Book of Kings) the all-knowing aspect of Simurg is emphasized. In Sufi symbolism Simurg is a metaphor for God.

Simurg represents the spiritual quest, the inner discovery and spiritual enlightenment.


About Suresh Emre

I have worked as a physicist at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. I am a volunteer for the Renaissance Universal movement. My main goal is to inspire the reader to engage in Self-discovery and expansion of consciousness.
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