In the Near-East there is rich literature and folklore about these birds. Depending on the literary period different mythological interpretations were assigned to mythical birds. Most of them have correspondences to the Phoenix of the western mythology.
Simurg is the most important mythical bird in Persia, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Central Asia. In Kurdish culture Simurg is known as Simir. Turkish people refer to it as the Anka bird.
Simurg represents the spiritual quest, the inner discovery and spiritual enlightenment.