In 2008, before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was turned on there was a concern that LHC would create microscopic black holes and they would grow in size causing the end of the world. LHC has been operating successfully since 2009 and discovered a new particle that resembles the theorized Higgs particle but there is no evidence for microscopic black holes so far.
In 2008, physicists tried to calm the public by explaining that microscopic black holes are theoretically possible if there are extra space dimensions but there is no way they can grow in size. They explained that this is impossible because microscopic black holes would evaporate instantly. They also argued that many particles in the cosmic rays that are hitting Earth continuously are much more energetic than the maximum energy LHC can give to a particle. If microscopic black holes really exist and if they really grow in size then Earth would have ended long ago. We are still here therefore we know that microscopic black holes do not grow in size. Very convincing argument indeed!
The supermassive black holes take forever to evaporate but microscopic black holes should evaporate instantly. The reason for evaporation is quantum mechanics. In 1974, using the quantum field theory in curved space-time Stephen Hawking showed that the mass contained within the “black hole horizon” sphere would escape the bondage of the black hole. Remember that in the popularized science articles it is often mentioned that not even light can escape the pull of a black hole. It is true for particles within the “black hole horizon” but those particles at the “horizon” can escape the gravitational pull through quantum mechanical effects. By the way, objects outside the black hole horizon do not feel any inescapable force. For an object outside the horizon the black hole is just an another object with a finite mass. The inescapable force affects the objects inside the horizon only.
As the black hole evaporates the horizon sphere gets smaller and other particles within the horizon end up experiencing the quantum mechanical effects. The process accelerates as the horizon sphere gets smaller until the black hole evaporates completely or explodes. The smaller the mass of the black hole the faster it will evaporate. Microscopic black holes will evaporate in a fraction of a second.
Hawking’s calculations are very complicated but most likely accurate. Many physicists have checked his calculations in the last 35 years. He has not received a Nobel Prize for this effort but he was awarded the Fundamental Physics Prize. He performed these calculations for the standard black holes. We don’t know whether his calculations apply to the microscopic black holes also. We need a theory that combines Quantum Mechanics with Gravitation. The “Quantum Gravity Theory” is the holy grail of physics.
There are many unknowns about the theorized microscopic black holes but one thing is clear to me. They will certainly evaporate. I think that Hawking’s idea of quantum mechanical escape from the “black hole horizon” applies to the microscopic black holes as well. The physical theory does not exist yet to be absolutely sure, but I think that the new perspective I introduced in “New Perspective on the Quantum Mechanical Nature: Seeking Freedom” is very relevant here.
In that article I mentioned that when we confine a particle to a small volume of space then it starts exhibiting quantum behavior. For example, if you confine an electron to an atom the trajectory concept is no longer valid. Position and momentum of that electron cannot be measured simultaneously. The energy of the electron becomes quantized. Tunneling (escape) probability becomes nonzero. The elementary particle escapes the bondage by becoming quantum mechanical. The particle escapes the bondage by becoming a wave.
The ontological basis of this behavior is the principle that Consciousness cannot be confined for long. Seeking freedom is one of the essential characteristics of Consciousness.
We are discussing space-time-matter as in black holes. What does Consciousness have to do with space-time-matter?
Consciousness is the basis of everything. Consciousness is the ultimate reality. Consciousness is the absolute existence. Consciousness is the infinite potential that everything emerges from. The entire Cosmos is a transformation of Consciousness. Our souls, minds and bodies are various expressions of Consciousness. The space-time-matter is certainly a condensed form of Consciousness.
Since black holes are special formations that exhibit extreme confinement of space-time-matter and space-time-matter is really Consciousness, it is impossible for Consciousness to be confined in that way. Space-time-matter (condensed Consciousness) will seek freedom and escape the bondage of a black hole. Quantum mechanical nature is an escape mechanism.
If they form the microscopic black holes will certainly evaporate.
Follow up article: Jadasphota