Richard Gauthier’s “Them from Ylem” proposal

I have previously published a blog post titled “A Guide to Richard Gauthier’s Electron Models“. Gauthier’s models have been evolving. He will present his latest thoughts at the American Physical Society Western Region Meeting on November 2, 2019. You can obtain a copy his presentation from the following link.–_Powerpoint

There is also a paper with the same title: “It from Bit or Them from Ylem?”. You can obtain a copy of this paper from this link.

Here’s the abstract of the paper:

John Archibald Wheeler’s phrase “it from bit” suggests that quantum mechanics and the explanation for physical existence may be based on information theory. According to this idea, physical reality may arise from yes-no binary outcomes in quantum measurement experiments, and perhaps from an even deeper information level. This article proposes another idea: that superluminal energy quanta embody the information needed to form the fundamental particles that produce our universe. Superluminal energy quanta were the primordial matter that produced the first hot plasma of fundamental particles during the Big Bang. One superluminal energy quantum may have formed the original primordial quantum particle that produced our universe – the cosmic quantum. Superluminal energy quanta continue to form fundamental particles today such as photons and electrons. The primordial matter of the universe, traditionally called ylem, is proposed to be superluminal energy quanta that form the fundamental particles of our universe – giving rise to the expression “them from ylem”.

Gauthier is very conscious that naming the “unknown” as “ylem” does not represent progress unless physicists develop this idea further. He cautions that:

Clearly, merely using the traditional word ylem in its original sense as the unknown and therefore mysterious “primordial matter from which other matter is formed” does not increase our understanding of this mysterious primordial matter, if it even exists. It is just like the ancient Greek philosopher Democritus, who used the word “atom” to describe a hypothetical eternally existing “uncuttable object”. The mere use of the word “atom” did not increase our understanding of nature, or prove that atoms exist. Still, there was value in the early use of the word atom in discussions of whether the universe is discrete or continuous. Similarly, there can be value in using ylem or primordial matter, as a term that focuses attention on a question to which answers have been sought, and different answers supplied for the past 2500 years. This includes the current inflationary Big Bang theory. Wikipedia ( describes the Big Bang as “very high-density and high-temperature state”, not even mentioning particles. The nature of ylem or primordial matter is still to be determined.

He then proceeds to explain the evolution of his models in the last 27 years.

You can learn more about Richard Gauthier from this introductory blog post.

The latest from Richard Gauthier is this paper titled “Introducing the Superluminal Information Quantum (SINQ)”. The full URL is shown below:

where he changes the name of the “superluminal energy quantum” to “superluminal information quantum” and gives the reasons why.

The image above is taken from the paper titled “A Superluminal Energy Quantum Model of the Cosmic Quantum” which can be downloaded from:

These and other related articles are all available at

If you are unable to download the papers from the platform you can contact Richard Gauthier at

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