Tag Archives: physics

Counterfactual definiteness

Counterfactual (adjective) : expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions – British Dictionary Counterfactual (noun) : a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to … Continue reading

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Updates (May 2016)

You can watch the status of LHC beam collisions live at the following link.https://op-webtools.web.cern.ch/vistar/vistars.php?usr=LHC3 Mark Alford’s 2015 tutorial paper in arXiv explains the concepts and terminology used in the discussions of Bell Inequality in Quantum Mechanics very clearly. In terms of clarity, … Continue reading

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Pioneers of Microvita Research (1): Richard Gauthier

After receiving a B.Sc. degree in physics from M.I.T in 1967, Richard Gauthier earned a M.Sc. degree in physics from University of Illinois in 1971. He was in the Ph.D. doctoral program at the University of Illinois for high-energy physics … Continue reading

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Why 3? (area related argument)

In the first installment I reminded the fact that there are exactly 3 generations (flavors) of fermions. This fact was established by the CERN LEP experiments (Aleph, Delphi, L3, and Opal). There is an independent confirmation of this fact by the … Continue reading

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Statistics for Physics PhDs conferred in the US

References https://www.aip.org/sites/default/files/statistics/graduate/graddegrees-p-08.pdf https://www.aip.org/sites/default/files/statistics/employment/phdinitemp-p-12.pdf  

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The person who organized the Solvay conferences

I have 2 posts showing the famous photo from the fifth Solvay Conference in 1927. This photograph is very dear to my heart. I am sure many other physicists feel the same way. Fifth Solvay Conference on Physics (1927) Color Photo … Continue reading

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Al-Biruni

image credit I feel so ashamed for not knowing much about al-Biruni – the polymath who lived in the 11’th century. His name was brought to my attention by a newspaper article announcing the establishment of a new private university … Continue reading

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Casimir effect

Image credit In my opinion, the best conceptual explanation of the Casimir effect is given by Stephen Reucroft and John Swain in  http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-casimir-effec/ I recommend Kimball A. Milton’s paper for a scientific review. James F. Babb maintains a scientific research bibliography … Continue reading

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Credence

I saw the word “credence” in a blog post by Sean Carroll.  He defines credence as “degree of belief.” Here’s an interesting quote from that blog post “Quantum probabilities are really credences — statements about the best degree of belief … Continue reading

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A rotation equals two reflections

In the picture below, the red line and the blue line are the reflection lines. Image credit The A’B’C’ triangle is a reflection of the ABC triangle in the red line. Let’s call this transformation R1 The EDF triangle is … Continue reading

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A selection of resources on mathematics, physics and philosophy

In my previous post I mentioned the existence of a “collective mechanism” that pays attention to improvements/innovations in individual expressions. I try to do my part and bring the reader’s attention to excellent educational resources on math, physics and philosophy. I … Continue reading

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Piet Hut the Hero Physicist

This is the first installment of a 3 part series. This post was followed by “Hut-Alford-Tegmark Debate on Math, Matter and Mind” and “My Response to Hut-Alford-Tegmark.” This is also the 3rd installment of  “the physicist” series. The first two … Continue reading

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Matter (Mass) is not bottled-up energy

The famous equation of Einstein is usually interpreted as “matter is bottled-up energy.” This interpretation is not quite right! gives the impression that the mass can be converted to energy.  This interpretation is not quite right either. Einstein’s mass/energy equivalence … Continue reading

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What is an event?

image credit In an earlier post titled No space, no time, just events I reported that Kevin H. Knuth and Newshaw Bahrenyi  have published a paper titled A Derivation of Special Relativity from Causal Sets. In that paper they are essentially … Continue reading

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Complementarity Principle of Quantum Mechanics

Niels Bohr regarded the “complementarity principle” as the most fundamental principle of Quantum Mechanics, He introduced the concept of “complementarity” in his Como Lecture in 1927. The formal presentation [1] was given in his book “Atomic theory and the description … Continue reading

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Dawn of a new age: open access to refereed journal papers in physics

A dream has come true. We now have free online access to published papers in 10 journals. These are the major journals of particle physics (please see the list below). Unfortunately the “Physical Review” and the “Physical Review Letters” are … Continue reading

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Stephen Wolfram on Richard Feynman

There is a gem of an article by Stephen Wolfram titled “A Short Talk About Richard Feynman.” I found these comments from that article very interesting: “I think Feynman—at least in the years I knew him—was much more driven by … Continue reading

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Neutrinos and anti-neutrinos are not the same

Neutrinos do not carry any electric charge. Neutrinos are electrically neutral. It is often argued that the “anti”-ness of a particle is related to the electrical charge. For example, electron has -1 electric charge and its anti-particle anti-electron which is … Continue reading

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Light reflecting off water is polarized

The glare which is due to the polarization of the reflected light by nonmetallic surfaces bothers people but sometimes it turns into a blissful vision. Image credit: unpolarized light bouncing off the surface of water becoming horizontally polarized. I enjoyed … Continue reading

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Kant, Hume, Reichenbach, Meister Eckhart and others on Causality

This is my third post in the “causality” series. The first two were: Difference between correlation and causation Phillip Gibbs on Temporal and Ontological Causality Here’s some heavy articles weighing on the concept of causality Kant and Hume on Causality … Continue reading

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Phillip Gibbs on Temporal and Ontological Causality

This is my second post in the “causality” series. The first one was: Difference between correlation and causation Phillip Gibbs said that “after all nobody is going to cite this” but I appreciated his 2013 summary [1]. His comments on … Continue reading

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Difference between correlation and causation

This is the first article in my “causality” series. Please see the index for a list of the other posts in this series. In my day job I deal with probability and statistics. I use words like correlation, standard error … Continue reading

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Why is gravity so different from other forces?

Here’s the relative strengths of the 4 known forces of nature Image credit There are speculative ideas as to why the relative strength of gravity is much weaker compared to the other forces. In my opinion this is not an apples-to-apples … Continue reading

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Cognitive Instability

There are very few sources on the web other than Sean Carroll’s blog that mentions the concept of cognitive instability. In his book “From Eternity to Here” and in his blog posts he credited David Albert for the origination of … Continue reading

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No space, no time, just events

No space, no time, just events! This is not necessarily my view of the world but it sounds familiar. According to the ancient wisdom traditions there is an abstract world and the physical world is a just a shadow of … Continue reading

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Explanation of why QM wavefunction is complex valued

In my previous post titled “QM wavefunction and its many interpretations” I stressed the fact that the quantum mechanical wavefunction is complex valued. This means that and the algebra of complex numbers are essential ingredients of the quantum mechanical wavefuntion. … Continue reading

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Short Descriptions of Quantum Field Theory

Lisa Randall Warped Passages, Harper Perennial (2005) “Quantum field theory, the tool with which we study particles, is based on eternal, omnipresent objects that can create and destroy those particles. These objects are the ‘fields’ of quantum field theory. Like … Continue reading

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Analysis and Synthesis

“Spiritual philosophy is synthetic and those who have chosen this path are proceeding with their sadhana of attaining oneness. Hence, experienced scientists on this path cannot even think of destroying the hard earned emerald glow of the experience of other … Continue reading

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There are no massless electrically charged particles in nature

I am reading “The Infinity Puzzle” by Frank Close. This is a well written book. I am familiar with the physics and the historical and social context behind the theories mentioned in this book but I was surprised to find … Continue reading

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Internalizing ideas and theories

Apparently the subject of internalization is widely studied in academic psychology and sociology. I am not an expert in the academic aspects of internalization but I am cognizant of my own mental processes. I wanted to share some of my … Continue reading

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Primordial Generator

The primordial fabric of the universe has a fundamental invariance. The golden equation is the symbol of this fundamental invariance. The golden equation is telling us that if the primordial fabric is distorted it will be distorted in such a … Continue reading

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Past is a particle, future is a wave

I am reading John D. Barrow’s book “the Book of Universes.” This is one of the best books I have read in recent years. This is a very readable book. There are human stories in it too. Cosmologists are very … Continue reading

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Coupling between past and future

Prediction is the hardest intellectual problem. It seems that we need to know everything about the Cosmos to predict the future accurately. I am not sure that even omniscience is enough because there is an intrinsic uncertainty in the Cosmos. … Continue reading

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Why 3?

One of my most popular articles is Triangle. Another one is Number Symbolism. In both articles I mention the significance of 3. It seems to me that people intuitively understand the importance of 3 and they want to learn more. … Continue reading

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Physics Blogs

Peter Woit’s blog http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/ Sabine Hossenfelder’s blog http://backreaction.blogspot.com/ Jennifer Ouellette’s blog http://twistedphysics.typepad.com/ Lubos Motl’s blog http://motls.blogspot.com/ Adam Falkowski’s blog http://resonaances.blogspot.com/ Sean Carroll’s blog http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/ Scott Aaronson’s blog http://www.scottaaronson.com/blog/ John Preskill’s blog: https://quantumfrontiers.com/ Particle physics news Interactions.org Symmetry Magazine is a … Continue reading

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Why is uncertainty intrinsic in the Cosmos?

There is an intrinsic uncertainty in the physical universe as detailed by quantum mechanics. I think that this intrinsic uncertainty extends to the wider Cosmos (totality of physical, mental and spiritual universes). Why is uncertainty intrinsic? The root cause of … Continue reading

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New Perspective on Unification

Please read this as an outline of a research program. This is a rough sketch of what I want to write about in the future. Unification is not about nature Unification is not about nature. Nature is unified anyway. Unification … Continue reading

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Unparticle

A recent article at “HuffPost Science” titled “Unparticle in Earth’s Mantle? Physicists Peer Inside Planet in Effort to Confirm New Particle” brought my attention to the subject of “unparticle.” The concept of “unparticle” was proposed by Harvard physicist Howard Giorgi … Continue reading

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Quark model evolved

There is a must-read article by Matt Strassler: “Proton Collisions Vs. Quark/Gluon/Antiquark Mini-Collisions” In my opinion you should read the comments section first and then read the article. This is a disturbing article. The commentators call it a “shocker.” I was … Continue reading

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More cryptic notes

In my previous post titled “Model of a Model,” I mentioned that I was going to write a post on the many interpretations of the quantum mechanical wavefunction. It turned out to be quite a project. It will be a … Continue reading

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Model of a Model

Is physics describing reality, phenomena or measurements? It is important to understand the distinction between reality, phenomena and measurements. It is also important to be aware of the distinction between physical reality and higher (subtler) states of reality. One could … Continue reading

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Jadasphota

This is a follow-up on the previous posts titled New Perspective on the Quantum Mechanical Nature: Seeking Freedom Few Comments on Microscopic Black Holes where the ontological principles Consciousness cannot be confined for long Seeking freedom is one of the … Continue reading

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Few Comments on the Microscopic Black Holes

In 2008, before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was turned on there was a concern that LHC would create microscopic black holes and they would grow in size causing the end of the world. LHC has been operating successfully since … Continue reading

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New Perspective on the Quantum Mechanical Nature: Seeking Freedom

Consciousness escapes the confinement of its own doing in myriad ways. Such is the Cosmic Play! Consciousness seeks freedom and liberation from bondage.  Consciousness achieves liberation through life. Escape mechanisms are different expressions of life. Quantum mechanical nature is one … Continue reading

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Concise Formulation of Maxwell Equations

The Maxwell equations without sources can be written concisely as Compare this set to the following set of equations in the traditional notation The dot is the vector inner product , the  is the vector cross product. Maxwell equations can … Continue reading

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Meaning of Duality in Physics

The literal meaning of the word “dual” implies two but in philosophy “dual” usually means “not one.” In physics dual means equivalent. There are multiple descriptions of physical reality. These descriptions are not necessarily equivalent but if they are then … Continue reading

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No Thermal Death for the Universe

In 2011 the Nobel Prize in physics was shared by Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt and Adam G. Riess “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe through observations of distant supernovae.” Prior to their research we knew … Continue reading

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Fundamental Physics Prize

The Milner Foundation announced the Fundamental Physics Prize today. This is a US$3 million prize. It is almost 3 times bigger than the Nobel Prize in terms of money. Monetary value of Nobel Prize is US$1.1 million. The Nobel Prize … Continue reading

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All particles are God particles

Ever since CERN announced the discovery of a new particle behaving like the theorized Higgs boson on July 4th 2012, the phrase “God particle” went viral on the internet. Everyone is talking about the “God particle.” Discovery of the Higgs … Continue reading

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It is not just semantics

Words matter in Spiritual Philosophy Basis of existence is Consciousness; everything was created out of Consciousness. Materialists say that this is just semantics. Now replace the word “Consciousness” with “matter” Basis of existence is matter; everything was created out of … Continue reading

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Infinite Curvature of Spacetime Singularity

I will make a pedagogical point regarding the visual representation of spacetime singularities (Black Holes). In popularized science articles and books the Black Holes are sometimes represented as follows: This visual representation is misleading because the spacetime curvature in a … Continue reading

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Notes on Galactic Motion

Our galaxy (Milky Way) is one of the spiral galaxies. Our solar system is located in one of the spiral arms. The Milky Way is like a flat disc (diameter: 100000 light-years, thickness: 1000 light-years). The thickness increases at the galactic center. Our … Continue reading

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Fundamental Difference between the Sound Waves and the Light Waves

Sound Waves The speed of propagation of the sound waves is dependent on the wave frequency. This implies that there is a medium and the medium has atoms, molecules, or some structure. The dependency of the speed of propagation on … Continue reading

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Key Questions of Particle Physics

Are there undiscovered principles of nature: new symmetries, new physical laws? How can we solve the mystery of dark energy? Dark energy that permeates empty space must have a quantum explanation. Is it related to the Higgs field? Are there … Continue reading

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Elementary Particle Facts

Please contact sureshemre at gmail for corrections or suggestions. Every spin=1/2 or spin=1 particle type has an anti-particle type. In some cases (photon for example) particle and it’s anti-particle are the same. If the particle has electric charge then its … Continue reading

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Einstein’s Last Equation

Einstein died at the age of 76 from stomach aneurysm in 1955. He kept working until few hours before his death. At his bed side there were 12 pages of equations. The final line of the last page is the … Continue reading

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Einstein’s 1921 Nobel Prize in 1922 and the Ceremony He Did Not Attend

Einstein could have received 2 Nobel prizes. One for the photoelectric effect and another for the theory of relativity. Einstein was first nominated for the Nobel Prize in 1910 by the chemistry laureate Wilhelm Ostwald. In the next 10 years, … Continue reading

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Super Modeler Function

Data modeling capabilities of this function is limitless. X is a continous variable. S, R, T are constants. By changing the constants see how the Super Modeler Function is behaving. In the graphs below the horizontal axis is the X … Continue reading

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Gravity binds us

We know how strong gravity is. Humans built powerful rockets to escape gravity. If gravity was weak we would not have to build such powerful rockets. Black holes are formed when massive stars collapse under their own weight. If gravity … Continue reading

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Intuitional Science (6) – Substance, Quanta, Wavelength

It seems that Scholastic philosophers were obsessed with the concept of “substance.” The Rationalists continued the discussion. When Empiricism emerged the concept of “substance” was slowly forgotten. In the age of science no one talks about “substance” anymore. I was … Continue reading

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Intuitional Science (4) – Mystery and Magic of ‘i’

This  is neither the self (ego) nor is it the Self (Soul). This  is more mundane than the self but it is mysterious and magical. This  is the square-root of -1. The  is a paradoxical number. There is no real … Continue reading

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Intuitional Science (2) – Golden Equation

g – 1/g = 1 is the golden equation. This equation is a symbolic representation of one of the most important principles in creation golden equation describes the primordial generator golden equation is telling us that if the primordial field … Continue reading

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Confusion about Entropy

The word entropy entered the popular culture. This may not be a good thing because even scientists are confused about the definition of entropy. I was trained as a physicist and I was confused about it for a long time. … Continue reading

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Golden Biquaternions, 3 Generations and Spin

This paper was originally published at Google Knol on December 19, 2009 http://knol.google.com/k/golden-biquaternions-3-generations-and-spin Google discontinued the Knol platform on May 1, 2012. Contact: sureshemre at gmail Abstract We show that a particular solution of the golden condition for biquaternions and … Continue reading

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Life on Earth critically depends on the magnetic field

Life on Earth critically depends on Earth’s magnetic field. We should know more about it and the dynamo that generates it. Compasses point to the magnetic north pole. Birds follow the magnetic field lines during their seasonal migrations. Earth’s magnetic … Continue reading

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Prometheus and Chronos

Paul Manship’s bronze gilded statue of Prometheus bringing fire to mankind, features prominently in the sunken plaza at the front of 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City. The inscription from Aeschylus, on the granite wall behind, reads: “Prometheus, teacher … Continue reading

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Review of the Concept of Time in Physics

Time as Motion In Classical Mechanics (branch of physics dealing with macroscopic objects), past and future play the same role in the description of the motion. The equations of motion are symmetric in time. If you record the motion of … Continue reading

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Analytic Process Always Causes Multiplicity

What is analysis? Dividing Separating Differentiating Slicing and dicing Examining the differences Increasing the resolution of a view Examining the change Examining the rate of change Identifying the components Identifying the constituents Identifying the frequency components Spectral analysis Demarcation Duality … Continue reading

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A Fundamental Principle

Introduction Absolute Unqualified Consciousness (Godhead, Nirguna Brahma, Absolute Being, Ein Sof, Alam-i Hahut), or whatever name you invent to describe the indescribable infinity of love and bliss, is totally beyond mind and comprehension. It is an undivided whole. Creation is … Continue reading

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Rapid Climate Change 11.5 Thousand Years Ago

Introduction Human pre-history is shaped by climate changes, genetic mutations, development of ego-consciousness, development of languages and the specific eras such as the “Great Leap Forward” (Homo Sapiens moving out of Africa) and the transition from hunting and gathering to “food … Continue reading

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Past and Future Pole Shifts

Introduction Pole Shift is a controversial subject and is debated passionately. During these discussions people tend to forget the basic physics, the law of the conservation of angular momentum which dictates that the average axial tilt angle with respect to … Continue reading

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Aspects of Rajoguna, Tamoguna, Sattvaguna

The 3 gunas constitute the foundation of the Brahmacakra theory which was modernized and reformulated by Shrii Shrii Anandamurti [1] [2] . The 3 gunas explain not only the multiplicity and variation seen in the physical universe but the aspects … Continue reading

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Conservation Law of Three Gunas

The 3 gunas constitute the foundation of the Brahmachakra theory which was modernized and reformulated by Shrii Shrii Anandamurti [1] [2] . The 3 gunas explain not only the multiplicity and variation seen in the physical universe but the aspects … Continue reading

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