Sanskrit Pronunciation Key

a = “a” in “mica”
= “a” in “father”
c = “ch” in “channel”
e = “e” in “cachet”
ae = “ai” in “kaiser”
i = “i” in “folio”
ii = somewhat prolonged i
o = “o” in open
ao = “au” in “sauerkraut”
= cerebral “s”, “sh” in “shall” or “ss” in “issue”
u = “u” in “lute”
ú = somewhat prolonged u
(preceded by vowel other than i or u) = nasalization of vowel
jiṋá = as gyá
iṋa = nasalized “ya”
uṋa = nasalized “wa”
ḿ   = pronounced like “ng”
y
= at the beginning of a word it is pronounced as “j” as in “jump”, in the middle of the word it is pronounced as “y” as in “you.”
kś
= aspirated version of “k” (expelling breadth)
t́ 
= cerebral “t” (tip of tongue touches center of palate)
= cerebral “n” (tip of tongue touches center of palate)
t
= dental “t” (tip of tongue touches the upper teeth)
d
= dental “d” (tip of tongue touches the upper teeth)

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