Author Archives: Suresh Emre

About Suresh Emre

I have worked as a physicist at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. I am a volunteer for the Renaissance Universal movement. My main goal is to inspire the reader to engage in Self-discovery and expansion of consciousness.

Universe is not a fluctuation

Andromeda galaxy (credit: NASA) “We therefore conclude that the universe is not a fluctuation, and that the order is a memory of conditions when things started. This is not to say that we understand the logic of it. For some … Continue reading

Posted in cosmology, physics | Tagged , ,

How to implement random article pointer in JavaScript

I cannot do this in the platform because it does not let me execute JavaScript. But, in other platforms you can do this: In other words, you prepare a list of URLs and point to one of them using … Continue reading

Posted in computer science

Ignoring Agency is Ignorance

I came up with the title ‘Ignoring Agency is Ignorance‘ while reading  David Berlinski’s article at the Inference magazine where he reviews Brian Green’s book “Until the End of Time“. In that article David Berlinski touches on many subjects especially … Continue reading

Posted in philosophy, science | Tagged

Machine Learning Interview Questions

image credit I recommend that beginners start with Roger Huang’s 41 questions and answers about Machine Learning. On his webpage Roger Huang provides links to further reading as well. It is clear that Machine Learning uses many statistical techniques. Therefore, … Continue reading

Posted in computer science, machine learning | Tagged ,

Large refugee waves to Anatolia in recent centuries

There were waves upon waves of migrations into and out of Anatolia going back to the prehistoric times. As a result, Anatolia has been a melting pot for thousands of years. Each tribe, nation, and culture left an imprint. There … Continue reading

Posted in society | Tagged ,

Happy to learn Maldacena’s thoughts on the relationship between vacuum fluctuations and spacetime stretching

Natalie Wolchover wrote another excellent article. This one is titled “Why Gravity Is Not Like the Other Forces“. She talked to 4 well-known physicists about gravity. This is what Juan Maldacena communicated to her. “Furthermore, from the perspective of particle … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged ,

Theoretical value of muon g-2 updated

Fermilab E989 experiment This is a follow-up on my post titled “Muon g-2 mystery“. FERMILAB announcement on June 11, 2020: FERMILAB announced that the latest consensus theoretical value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (published on June 8, … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

What percentage of scientists are atheists?

image credit: Pew Research Center Statistics shown above was published in 2009. I don’t think the numbers changed significantly between 2009 and 2020. The study was based on a survey conducted among the members of the American Association for the … Continue reading

Posted in science, society | Tagged ,

The non-gauge nature of the newly discovered forces

Gian Francesco Giudice is the head of CERN Theoretical Physics Department. He has written an important essay titled “On Future High-Energy Colliders“. This is not about the technical details of future colliders. He discusses the current state and the future … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , ,

Concept of Gauge Invariance

I agonized over this post. I thought I could explain the concept of “gauge invariance” in simple terms but I couldn’t. This subject requires a lot of background. So, I will not attempt to present a tutorial here. Instead, I … Continue reading

Posted in mathematics, physics | Tagged

Stephen Wolfram’s Theory of Everything

Stephen Wolfram On April 14, 2020 Stephen Wolfram published a long article summarizing the results of his research towards a fundamental theory of physics. He does not use the terminology “ToE” (Theory of Everything) but many science journalists and scientists … Continue reading

Posted in computer science, physics | Tagged ,

Few Research Directions in Systems Neuroscience

Amos Tversky (1937-1996) Being a graduate student is hard. You have to be a little lucky to be at the right place at the right time and work with the right professor. It is also about preparation and background, of … Continue reading

Posted in brain, Neuroscience, science | Tagged , , ,

Guest Post by Richard Gauthier on Particle Physics Beyond the Standard Model

Today I am happy to publish a guest post by Richard Gauthier. I follow his physics research very closely.  After receiving a B.Sc. degree in physics from M.I.T in 1967, Richard Gauthier earned a M.Sc. degree in physics from University … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Notes (May 2020)

John Baez keeps educating us tirelessly. There is a treasure of knowledge in his website and blogs. I particularly follow his diary. The image above is from his April 13 section of April 2020 diary. Baez tells the story of … Continue reading

Posted in physics, science | Tagged ,

Reading CERN Courier (1)

For those who follow particle physics closely the online magazine CERN Courier is probably the most informative resource.  I thought it would be a good idea to communicate my picks from CERN Courier. I hope to do this few times … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged ,

Howard H. Pattee and the Physics of Symbols

In my opinion, the scientific observations of theoretical biologist Howard H. Pattee are very relevant for the future progress of science. A special issue of Biosystems journal (Volume 60, No: 1-3) was dedicated to his work. The editor was Luis … Continue reading

Posted in biology, science | Tagged

Neutrinos and Antineutrinos Change Flavors at Different Rates

image credit: Lucy Reading-Ikkanda/Quanta Magazine. The T2K experiment in Japan reported in Nature (April 15, 2020) that neutrinos have a higher probability of oscillating than antineutrinos. There is great excitement about this result. Until now CP symmetry violation has not … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , ,

Quantum Mechanics, Probability, Covid-19 Analogy

I hesitated to include “Covid-19” in the title. This is not a commentary on the scientific, social, economic aspects of the Covid-19 crisis. This is about an analogy between the probability of catching Covid-19 and the concept of probability used … Continue reading

Posted in mathematics, physics, probability

No useful theory of biological neural computation yet

image credit: Human Connectome Project I was very surprised to learn that neuroscientists have no useful theory of biological neural computation yet. I recommend reference [4] for a review. In addition to that paper, here’s few quotes from other authorities: … Continue reading

Posted in Neuroscience | Tagged ,

Interesting anecdote about Roger Penrose as told by Carlo Rovelli

image credit: F. Viadotto The highlight of the “Twistors and Loops” conference (September 2019) was Roger Penrose’s talk. Carlo Rovelli summarized Penrose’s talk in a CERN Courier article and mentioned this amusing incident: “The best moment came during Roger Penrose’s … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

On the transformation of neutrino into electron

Neutrinos rarely interact with matter. When they do a neutrino can transform into an electron if the neutrino is very energetic (see details below). An electron, on the other hand, does not transform into a neutrino so easily. Empirically speaking, … Continue reading

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Conservation Laws of Particle Interactions

Definitions: Lepton number : +1 for the particles in the green boxes (see the diagram above), namely, electron, muon, tau, electron type neutrino, muon type neutrino, tau type neutrino, -1 for their antiparticles, 0 for others. Baryon number = 1/3 … Continue reading

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How to create antiprotons

I was a post-doc at FERMILAB between 1988-1992. I worked on the Tevatron which was a proton-antiproton collider. In those days I took the presence of antiprotons for granted. I knew, of course, how difficult it was to produce, collect … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , ,

Free Book Commemorating the 25’th Anniversary of the Simons Foundation

image credit First, you should know that I am not employed by any company or foundation associated with Jim Simons. His foundation has been supporting science for many years and making a big difference. That’s why I wanted to write … Continue reading

Posted in science | Tagged ,

2020 update on the location of the magnetic north pole

The magnetic north pole has been drifting from Canada to Siberia. This post is a follow up on the 2019 update. image source The green dot indicates the 2020 location of the magnetic north pole. The 2020 location of the … Continue reading

Posted in geophysics | Tagged

My obsession with the pageview count

Popular YouTubers get 500K views for a single video. For bloggers this is rare because young people don’t read anymore. For a blogger like me who writes about physics, metaphysics and spiritual philosophy the pageviews are way lower. As of … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized

Brookhaven Electron-Ion Collider

After many years of evaluation the United States Department of Energy decided that EIC (Electron-Ion Collider) would be built at the Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island in New York in the next 10 years. Brookhaven Lab currently hosts the … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , ,

Dark Energy Controversies

In a recent post titled “Recent discussions on dark energy” I discussed various speculations on the nature of dark energy assuming dark energy is real. It never occurred to me that the data analyses of 2 independent teams lead by … Continue reading

Posted in cosmology, physics | Tagged

Useful metaphysics

I envision a new discipline that would be a unique blend of physics, metaphysics and spiritual philosophy combining the analytical approach with the synthetic approach. A practitioner of this new discipline would not be shy about using mathematical language and … Continue reading

Posted in metaphysics, mind, philosophy, physics, science, society | Tagged ,

Hedda H. Mørch, John Horgan, Pandeism

Hedda Hassel Mørch is a philosopher at  Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences. She answered John Horgan’s questions on various subjects. I was very happy to find this gem in that interview: “As I said, science only captures the physical … Continue reading

Posted in philosophy | Tagged ,

Mirror World

NBC News article (June 2019): “Scientists are searching for a mirror universe. It could be sitting right in front of you“. This article was about the neutron lifetime puzzle. Natalie Wolchover’s February 2018 article at Quanta “Neutron Lifetime Puzzle Deepens, … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , , ,

James Schombert’s lectures on cosmology

Abundance of elements in the universe as a function of the atomic number.  I have discovered James Schombert’s web pages on astronomy and cosmology. Prof.  James Schombert is an observational astronomer whose research focuses upon galaxy evolution and formation, as well … Continue reading

Posted in astronomy, cosmology, physics | Tagged ,


Cosmology is developing into an experimental science thanks to revolutionary observational techniques by the astronomers, physicists and engineers. The amount of data collected by the space-based as well as the ground-based (optical, gamma, infrared, microwave, radiowave, CMB) observatories plus the … Continue reading

Posted in cosmology, physics | Tagged

Academic Rankings of Top Turkish Universities

Academic rankings of top Turkish universities are disappointing. The rankings shown below do not reflect the quality of education, however. I am very familiar with these universities, especially my alma mater Boğaziçi University. The quality of teaching at Boğaziçi University … Continue reading

Posted in science | Tagged

Notes (November 2019)

My favorite science magazine is Quanta. I follow physics news from sources mentioned here also. Every once in a while I check the articles at the EDGE as well. I would like to add another resource to the list: Inference: … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized

Multiplication table of shapes

I congratulate Tai-Danae Bradley for her excellent mathematics blog. In this blogpost she has a wonderful drawing about the multiplication of shapes. “Given any two shapes X and Y, their product X×Y is the shape whose vertical cross sections look … Continue reading

Posted in geometry, mathematics | Tagged ,

Did you know electron can pass through the proton in a hydrogen atom?

In school, we learn about the energy levels of the electron in a hydrogen atom but it is never explicitly mentioned that the electron can pass through the proton in the nucleus of the atom. Why is this important? Well…it … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , ,

Only integer changes of spin are observed in particle interactions

Tommaso Dorigo expressed this physics law in many of his blog posts in many different ways. This expression is from one of his recent posts: “all reactions among particles involve only the integer changes of the total spin of initial … Continue reading

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What is the name of the super-massive black hole at the center of Milky Way?

The answer is Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) (pronounced Sagittarius A-star). Sgr A* is 4.3 million times more massive than our Sun. Sgr A* is located about 25000 light years away from Earth. Black holes themselves are not visible by definition … Continue reading

Posted in astronomy | Tagged , ,

Latest news and discussion on Google’s quantum supremacy experiment

image source I follow the developments in quantum computing from various sources. My starting point is always the same: John Preskill’s Twitter feed. The term “quantum supremacy” was first used by John Preskill. He explained his reasoning and concerns in … Continue reading

Posted in computer science, physics, science | Tagged

Hydrogen molecule looks like this

image source: I would like to thank John Baez for bringing this image to our attention. This is the hydrogen molecule (H2) not the hydrogen atom (H). Two hydrogen nuclei are located within the green areas on the image … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged ,

Richard Gauthier’s “Them from Ylem” proposal

I have previously published a blog post titled “A Guide to Richard Gauthier’s Electron Models“. Gauthier’s models have been evolving. He will present his latest thoughts at the American Physical Society Western Region Meeting on November 2, 2019. You can … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Notes (October 2019)

Physics Japan’s gravitational wave observatory KAGRA will start its operations in December 2019. KAGRA will be the fourth gravitational observatory. KAGRA will share data and coordinate activities with the US-based LIGO observatories and the Italy-based Virgo observatory. There is a … Continue reading

Posted in physics, science | Tagged

Graph Theory Concepts

  There many books on Graph Theory. The online resources on Graph Theory, however, are not satisfactory. Here’s few introductory resources I looked at (ignoring the videos on the YouTube) I also recommend Josh Reuben’s tutorials: Graph … Continue reading

Posted in mathematics | Tagged

Keep going

I sometimes entertain the idea of writing a final blog post titled “Good bye”. I think I would put my photographs from different ages in that post and stop writing altogether. I have been experiencing a severe case of  a … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized

Hubble constant: 5 sigma separation between 67 and 73 (km/s)/Mpc

Natalie Wolchover of Quanta magazine recently attended the cosmology workshop at the KITP Santa Barbara, California and summarized the discussions regarding the measurement of the Hubble constant in this Quanta article. The chart from her article (see below)  shows clearly … Continue reading

Posted in cosmology | Tagged ,

NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions

My generation remembers the reference book titled “Handbook of Mathematical Functions” by Abramowitz and Stegun. We now have a digital library of Mathematical Functions maintained by NIST. There is an article about DLMF (Digital Library of Mathematical Functions) at … Continue reading

Posted in mathematics | Tagged

Current state of quantum computing (2019)

National Academies of Science, Engineering, Medicine (NAS, NAE, NAM) published a report on the progress and prospects of quantum computing as of 2019. This is a comprehensive (273 page) report. You can download the report from this link: Click … Continue reading

Posted in quantum computing | Tagged

On the emergence of space and time

I have read Lee Smolin’s latest book “Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution“. I highly recommend it. In this post I wanted to contrast his ideas to other speculations regarding space and time. Note 1: Scientists strive to find theories (models) of Reality … Continue reading

Posted in metaphysics, philosophy, physics | Tagged ,

Few reminders about quantum teleportation

image credit: Nature People have the notion that the process known as “quantum teleportation” allows us to send messages (information) instantly. Wrong! I thought it would be a good idea to share few facts about quantum teleportation. Here’s a short … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged , , , ,

Few stats about Turkish Economy and Society

The Turkish Statistics Institute provides a lot of data about Turkish economy and society. You can use the English version or the Turkish version of their website. They provide Excel spreadsheets. You have to do some work to extract the … Continue reading

Posted in society, statistics | Tagged , ,

Wonderful Art of Angela Gonzales 1967-1998

Fermilab History and Archives Project has a web page where the links to the wonderful art of Angela Gonzales are listed. “Angela Lahs Gonzales was the 11th employee at Fermilab, then called the National Accelerator Laboratory. For more than … Continue reading

Posted in history | Tagged ,

Recent discussions on dark energy

Almost a century of astronomical observations have firmly established that galaxies are receding from each other. More recent observations which were awarded with a Nobel prize have shown that the speed at which the galaxies are receding from each other … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Durability of Metals from Archaeological Objects

Don’t ask me why I was curious about this subject. Ok…I will tell you. For entertainment, I sometimes watch Turkish TV shows (from YouTube). Conspiracy theorists are ubiquitous on Turkish TV. They make bold claims. Almost all their claims are … Continue reading

Posted in science

Can you explain why the diameter of the observable universe is 93 billion light-years?

image credit If the universe is 13.8 billion years old how come the diameter of the observable universe is 93 billion light-years? The diameter should be 27.6 billion light-years, right? The answer is no. We have to consider the expansion … Continue reading

Posted in astronomy, physics | Tagged

Ananda Purnima 2019

“The soul of music slumbers in the shell Till waked and kindled by the master’s spell And feeling hearts – touch them but rightly – pour A thousand melodies unfelt before.” – Samuel Rogers

Posted in inspiration | Tagged , ,

Chuck Lorre’s Big Bang Theory Vanity Cards

The long-running TV comedy show Big Bang Theory (BBT) ended today after 12 seasons (279 episodes). BBT was my favorite TV show of all time. I congratulate everyone involved in producing the show. The writing was superb. Actors were very … Continue reading

Posted in inspiration | Tagged , ,

An alternative, very short, interpretation of Tao Te Ching

              The content of the Chinese book of wisdom “Tao Te Ching” by Lao Tzu (founder of Taoism) is open to interpretation. The title itself is open to interpretation as well. The literal translation … Continue reading

Posted in spiritual philosophy | Tagged

Life is systaltic

Movement…pause…movement…pause…movement…pause. image credit

Posted in inspiring metaphors

How many books in major libraries?

image credit Here’s the number of catalogued items in the largest libraries based on this list as of March 9, 2019: British Library:   150-200 million Library of Congress:   164 million+ New York Public Library:   55 million Library … Continue reading

Posted in books | Tagged

Guest Post by Raymond Bates on Unity of Intelligence

Raymond Bates lives in the Philippines with his wife and two teenage children. He is the author of six books. “The Microvitic Atom“, “The Internal Being, Reincarnational and Intuitive Psychology“, “Macrogenesis, A New Paradigm in Consciousness“, “Biometaphysics, A theory of … Continue reading

Posted in machine learning, matter, Microvita, mind

Unity of Intelligence

In the book “Possible Minds (25 ways of Looking at AI)” Wilczek says that if mind is emergent then “All intelligence is machine intelligence. What distinguishes natural from artificial intelligence is not what it is, but only how it is … Continue reading

Posted in mind | Tagged

Best Explanations of Renormalization in Quantum Field Theory

image credit Renormalization in Quantum Field Theory is a complex subject. I tried to collect the accessible explanations. I hope this helps. John Preskill in “We are all Wilsonians now” John Baez on renormalization Sean Carroll’s explanation Renormalization for philosophers … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

J. Robert Oppenheimer’s Interview

We read about the important scientists of the 20’th century but rarely get an opportunity to hear their voices. Here’s a voice recording from 1965 as well as the transcript. The direct link to the sound recording is the … Continue reading

Posted in history, physics | Tagged

Quantum Computing Review Article by John Preskill

Quantum Computing related research is now being funded at a high level and there is a gold rush towards this field among physicists, engineers and computer scientists. I admit that Quantum Computing is very attractive. If I were an undergraduate … Continue reading

Posted in quantum computing | Tagged

2019 update on the location of the magnetic north pole

image credit Magnetic north pole has been drifting from Canada to Siberia. The drift speed is accelerating. This prompted scientists to update the World Magnetic Model recently. GPS system, navigational systems used by satellites, aircraft, ships, submarines and other vehicles rely … Continue reading

Posted in geophysics | Tagged

Lunar Night

image credit: China National Space Administration China landed a probe (Chang’e-4) on the far side of the Moon on January 3, 2019. This was the first soft landing on the far side. Another first was a mini biosphere experiment. A canister … Continue reading

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CERN FCC (Future Circular Collider) Design Reports

“The Future Circular Collider (FCC) Conceptual Design Report (CDR) is a four-volume document that demonstrates the technical feasibility and identifies the physics opportunities offered by the different collider options that form the core of the FCC study. It is the … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Michael Atiyah (1929-2019)

Michael Atiyah passed away at the age of 89. The Guardian obituary and The New York Times obituary are good places to learn about his background. The Guardian article called him “one of the greatest British mathematicians since Isaac Newton.” … Continue reading

Posted in history, mathematics


I grew up in a coal mining town by the Black Sea in Turkey. Images from Kandilli below

Posted in Uncategorized

No need to be confused

When you are confused or discouraged, or when you think that book writing is all about ego and ego is bad because it blocks the light of the soul – which is true – remember that Reality is about Life. … Continue reading

Posted in inspiration

Biomass distribution

image credit A picture is worth thousand words! The diagram above summarizes the most recent understanding of the biomass distribution in the biosphere. The unit “Gt” means gigaton. The “C” refers to carbon. Plants dominate the biosphere in terms of … Continue reading

Posted in biology | Tagged ,

Jagdish Mehra (1931-2008)

Words have power! This is true in all subjects not just spirituality. Sometimes a technical book or even a collection of physics papers can be inspiring too. Today, I remembered reading the book titled “The Physicist’s Conception of Nature” edited … Continue reading

Posted in history, physics | Tagged

Sheb-i Arus 2018 (745’th commemoration)

Rumi’s 7 principles: 1. In generosity and helping others be like a river. 2. In compassion and grace be like the sun. 3. In concealing others’ faults be like the night. 4. In anger and fury be like the dead. … Continue reading

Posted in spirituality, sufism | Tagged

Kolmogorov Complexity

Kolmogorov Complexity of a mathematical object is defined as the length of the shortest possible computer program needed to describe it.  For computer scientists, Kolmogorov Complexity which is also known as Algorithmic Complexity is a measure of how compressible a … Continue reading

Posted in biology, physics | Tagged

Live video feeds from ISS

If you do a Google search on “live video feeds from ISS” you might end up watching magnificent views of Earth as seen from ISS (International Space Station) but unfortunately most of these video feeds are NOT live. I tried this … Continue reading

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CERN LHC Long Shutdown 2 (LS2)

Run 2 (2015-2018) of CERN LHC operations ended.  There will be no physics experiments for the next 2 years. CERN accelerator complex will be upgraded during the long shutdown between now and spring 2021. During Run 2 each proton was … Continue reading

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Anti-photon, anti-neutrino

image credit Reminder 1: there are no right-handed neutrinos Reminder 2: only left-handed fermions (and right-handed anti-fermions) participate in “weak nuclear” interactions. This violates P-symmetry which is the symmetry under parity transformation. Electromagnetic and strong nuclear forces do not differentiate … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged ,

Earth’s hum

I sometimes take notes and return to those notes later. This is from 2017. There was an article at The Washington Post titled “Scientists are slowly unlocking the secrets of the Earth’s mysterious hum“. National Geographic published an article on … Continue reading

Posted in geophysics


image credit: Rolf Landua In my blog post titled “Short descriptions of Quantum Field Theory” I have quotations from famous physicists. The first quotation is from Lisa Randall’s book “Warped Passages” (Harper Perennial, 2005) “Quantum field theory, the tool with … Continue reading

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New upper limit for electron EDM

ACME II experiment at Harvard reports a new upper limit for the electron EDM (electric dipole moment). Electron EDM The previous upper limit was . According to SM (Standard Model) of particle physics electron is a point particle with no … Continue reading

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Atiyah lecture at 2018 Heidelberg Laureate Forum

I have an earlier blogpost from 2 years ago titled Atiyah lecture at 2016 Heildelberg Laureate Forum. Atiyah gave another lecture at the Heidelberg Laurate Forum this year. His lecture created great excitement. He presented a proof of the Riemann … Continue reading

Posted in mathematics | Tagged

3 No’s of Quantum Physics

image credit ♦  No particle can be entangled with more than one particle at a time. This is known as the “monogamy of entanglement“. “If two systems are strongly entangled then each of them cannot be entangled very much with … Continue reading

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Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza

Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza known to his students and colleagues as Luca passed away on August 31, 2018. He was 96. He was a legendary intellectual and a professor of Genetics at the Stanford University Medical School. The press release from … Continue reading

Posted in linguistics, science | Tagged

Frank Wilczek corrects a misunderstanding

In my blog site “Renaissance Universal” the last name “Wilczek” appears in 12 blogposts. I appreciate Frank Wilczek‘s contributions to physics. He shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics with David Gross and David Politzer “for the discovery of asymptotic freedom … Continue reading

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Fractional Spin

Image credit: University of California – Santa Barbara The term “fractional” in the title of this post should be read as “any”. Frank Wilczek called the quasi-particles that can have any spin anyons in a 1982 paper. The “any” in … Continue reading

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Chris Quigg’s Summary of the Evolution of Particle Physics

I follow Chris Quigg’s Twitter feed. I have learned a lot from his wonderful observations. Chris Quigg is the grand wise physicist of Fermilab. Over the years he has made many contributions to physics and even greater contributions to the … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Free version of the Feynman Lectures on Physics

There is a free version of the Feynman Lectures on Physics provided by Caltech. See also Image credit: Caltech reminds that: “However, we want to be clear that this edition is only free to read online, and this … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Huge amount of water in Earth’s mantle (2)

In a previous post (4 years ago) I brought your attention to the existence of huge amount of water in Earth’s mantle. Quanta magazine recently reported on the latest news on this front: The Hunt for Earth’s Deep Hidden Oceans. … Continue reading

Posted in geology, geophysics | Tagged ,

Final reports from the Planck Cosmic Microwave Background Measurements

ESA (European Space Agency)’s Planck mission studied the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) fluctuations with an accuracy set by the fundamental astrophysical limits. In other words, it will be hard to beat the accuracy of the Planck measurements in the future. … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

The Centennial of Julian Schwinger

The celebration of the centennial of the birth of Julian Schwinger was organized by Harvard University in February 2018. I am a little late writing about it because I was on hiatus from blog writing. Nevertheless, I wanted to do … Continue reading

Posted in history, physics | Tagged

Where were we?

In my blogpost titled Carmel (June 28, 2017) I announced that I was taking a break from blogging to work on a book. I knew that nobody would care but I made the announcement anyway to create pressure on myself. … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized


It is not dark anymore but there is fog.  Clarity remains elusive. image credit * for service and blessedness *

Posted in Uncategorized


Not that anybody cares but I will take a 6-12 month break from blogging to work on a book. In the past I have started many books with different titles but they didn’t go anywhere. Short outbursts of intuitive writing … Continue reading

Posted in inspiration | Tagged ,

Causal emergence, downward causation, and more…

The role of agency in causation is empirically obvious. When I move my hands and grab the coffee mug and drink coffee the cause of these events is me (the agent). No one in his right mind can argue that … Continue reading

Posted in philosophy, science | Tagged ,

Few comments on the pratityasamutpada concept

“The word ‘interdependence’ is a translation of the Sanskrit pratityasamutpada, which means ‘to be by co-emergence’ and is usually translated as ‘dependent origination.’ The saying can be interpreted in two complementary ways. The first is ‘this arises because that is’, … Continue reading

Posted in philosophy | Tagged , , , , ,

Word clouds

I generated word clouds of some of my articles using this web site. Thank you Jason Davies. Below, the image that follows the link is a visual representation of the most frequently used words in that text. Definitions and Summary of Soul … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized

Etymology of elementary particle names is an educational outreach program funded by the US Department of Energy. Educational material are prepared by SLAC and FERMILAB writers and physicists. Daniel Garisto has done great service by preparing a web page explaining the etymology of elementary … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

On the concept of scalar field

In physics (cosmology) “…scalar fields—fields that look the same no matter how you view them, but can contain energy or pressure. Their high level of symmetry suggests that one would be most likely to find them in the earliest moments … Continue reading

Posted in physics | Tagged

Is there a particle that interacts with muons but not electrons?

Please see the updates in each category below. This is a big if but if there is an unknown force that interacts with muons but not electrons then the following anomalies could be explained in one sweep: broken lepton universality … Continue reading

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